The structure of linguistic dictionary entry (on the materials of aviation english)

Муравська, С. М. (2014) The structure of linguistic dictionary entry (on the materials of aviation english). Вісник Житомирського державного університету імені Івана Франка (76). pp. 225-228. ISSN 2076-6173

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Throughout history the human activity has been very closely connected with the language and the world itself. As it has been discovered by scientists, the traces of dictionary compiling go to back to the XXV century B.C. when Sumerians made special lists of explanations of difficult worlds. Since those times, a lot of attempts to write down and systemize the lexicon have been made by different scientists. Being a relatively young discipline, lexicography has not explored all aspects of dictionary compiling yet. Thus, there are no universally accepted principles of the dictionary’s structural and graphic organization. The phenomenon of the word and different aspects of lexicography have been researched by many Soviet scientists such as I. Arnold, P. Denisov, L. Minaeva, M. Moiseev, L. Scherba, L. Stupin. The great contribution into the development of lexicography and the word phenomenon research has been made by foreign language specialists such as H. Bejoint, H. Bergenholtz, R. Burchfield, R. Hartmann, S. Landau, L. Zgusta. In the given article we have analyzed the structure of a linguistic dictionary and the organization of its entries. We have come to the conclusion that common features in the composition of linguistic dictionaries are: introduction and Guide to the using of the dictionary; the dictionary proper; supplementary material. In the process of the research it has been found out that the entries in the linguistic dictionaries can be arranged according to the formal or thematic principles; formal principle is more popular and its most widespread type of the entry arrangement is the alphabetical one. The conducted research has shown that linguistic dictionary entries contain such types of information: spelling; explanation of a meaning; grammatical information about the word; examples to each meaning (may be missing in abridged dictionaries); a set of idioms and stable expressions with a headword; etymological (not obligatory).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: lexicography, linguistic dictionary, dictionary entry, formal principle, thematic principle, alphabetical order.
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Depositing User: Руслана Іщук
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2014 08:44
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2015 10:20

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