Organization of specialized training and environmental activities of students in eastern European countries

Мельниченко, Р. К. and Сорочинська, О. А. (2018) Organization of specialized training and environmental activities of students in eastern European countries. Other. “Baltija Publishing”, Latvia.

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Abstract

The priority of the secondary education reforms in Ukraine and other Eastern European countries at the turn of the 20th–21st centuries was the specialized training at the senior level of secondary school. Specialized education is aimed at solving issues of the general level of culture and human education; preparing young people for life in the society and the environment; choosing the further direction of study at the university or professional education system; self-determination in the choice of future profession, sphere of activity. Nowadays, an important condition of the human civilization existence is the ecocentric-oriented development of the society, when the growth in prosperity of mankind is not accompanied by the destruction of the environment and natural ecosystems. These processes are connected with the formation of an ecological world outlook and culture of the society members. Therefore, involving school-children in active practical environmental and research ecological-naturalistic work is another characteristic feature of the modern education. The subject of the study is the organization of specialized education, environmental and ecological-naturalistic work in educational institutions in Eastern European countries. The methodology of studying the mentioned problems of specialized education and environmental work is based on dialectical and synergetic approaches. The most important philosophical principles of the research are natural philosophy, philosophy of humanism, ecocentrism and sociophilosophy. The general scientific methodology is based on such universal approaches and principles as: systemic, acmeological, axiological, competency based and historical. Leading in the field of psychological and pedagogical research is a personal-activity methodological approach. It is worth pointing out that schools in Eastern Europe have diverse educa- tional programs and profiles. They are created by a combination of basic compulsory disciplines; enhanced studying of profile subjects; elective special courses and optional courses in accordance with the students' self-determination, their interests, life plans and abilities. In a foreign school, there are general, pre-professional and professional training programs. A common feature of the organization of secondary education abroad is the differentiation of learning by combining internal differentiation (according to abilities, level of mental development, successes in learning) and external differentiation (by interests and professional intentions). The senior school abroad is mostly separated, functioning as an independent type of educational institution. The general trends in the education of Eastern European countries are: compulsory basic 9-year education; differentiation of training at the upper secondary school, which lasts for the most part 3-4 years; separation of general (academic) and professional programs; the gradual expansion of the network and the direction of professional educational institutions. In the scientific literature the concept of environmental and ecological- naturalistic work is distinguished as a kind of environmental activities. In our opinion, the ecological and naturalistic work of students is a form of cognitive activity, which includes students' mastering knowledge of the environment, gaining experience in solving environmental problems, involving in the organization, implementing environmental and research work, forming an ecological culture of the individual, socially-public experience and skills in various branches of agriculture. A characteristic feature of modern education in the countries of Eastern Europe is the involvement of students in active practical environmental and research ecological and naturalistic work. The increase in their efficiency is due to the use of new practical ecologically oriented educational technologies.

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: profile education, basic and high school, Eastern Europe, principles and approaches of training, environmental and ecological and naturalistic work.
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > Department of Zoology, Biological Monitoring and Nature Conservation
Depositing User: kaf.zoology Zoo KZ
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 09:59
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 09:59
URI: http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/id/eprint/27120

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