Features of the Genetic Structure of the Earthworms Aporrectodea (Superspecies) Caliginosa (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) Complex in Ukraine

Mezhzherіn, S. V. and Vlasenкo, R. Р. and Garbar, А. V. (2008) Features of the Genetic Structure of the Earthworms Aporrectodea (Superspecies) Caliginosa (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae) Complex in Ukraine. Cytology and Genetics, 42 (4). pp. 50-57. ISSN 0095-4527

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Abstract

An investigation of the genetic structure of the Aporrectodea caliginosa – A. trapezoids diploidpolyploid complex of earthworms found in the Ukraine is performed by means of biochemical genetic marking with respect to six loci (Aat, Es-1, -2, -3, and -4, and Mdh) and karyotyping. All 646 individuals from 21 samples are analyzed at the biochemical gene level and karyotype samples are obtained from 70 specimens. As a result, diploid amphimictic A. caliginosa individuals (2n = 36), which form panmictic populations, and triploid (2n = 54) A. trapezoides individuals, represented by 19 hypothetical clones discovered in the course of an analysis of 157 specimens, are clearly differentiated. A clear trend towards dominance of the triploid forms in the steppe zone of Ukraine is discovered. Here they represent roughly 70% as against 12% of all A. (superspecies) caliginosa individuals in the northern forest regions. Based on the stated nature of the heterozygosity of the loci studied and the behavior of the chromosomes in meiosis, it may be claimed that the cloned forms are allotriploids, formed as a result of hybridization of a series of related forms, which, judging from the allelic pools, does not include amphimictic species that now inhabit the territory of Ukraine. That is, either the apomictic clones of A. trapezoides lack a local origin and their appearance among the fauna of Ukraine is a consequence of settlement in arid steppe regions that are unfavorable for earthworms or, on the other hand, amphimictic A. caliginosa is an invasive species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Faculty of Natural Sciences > Department of Ecology, Nature Management and Human Biology
Depositing User: ekology
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2013 06:17
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2016 01:01
URI: http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/id/eprint/9685

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